The Fastest Charging Electric Vehicles in 2022 

The Fastest Charging Electric Vehicles in 2022 

You want to go electric, but dread the thought of waiting around the charging station for 45 minutes to an hour. While most electric vehicle charging is done at home overnight (for pennies on the dollar), the occasional road trip necessitates visits to public fast charging stations. Also known as ‘level 3’ DC fast chargers, the amount of time spent charging here varies widely from one electric vehicle model to another. 

These are the fastest charging electric vehicles on the market today. Plus, we’ll take a sneak peek at a few EVs that are just around the corner. 

See the latest availability and wait times for every EV on the market

*Note: Charge times are reflected as 10% to 80% because in all EVs, charging speeds slow significantly beyond 80% state of charge as the battery management system (the car’s computer) balances out the energy distribution at the ‘top of the pack’. In many cases, it may take the same amount of time to charge from 10% to 80% as it does to charge from 80% to 100%.

Fastest Charging Electric Cars Under $45,000

Kia EV6

Wind Rear-Wheel Drive

2022 Kia EV6

10-80% (217 miles of range gained) in 18 minutes

Peak charging power accepted: 235 kilowatts

Range at 80%: 248 miles

Range at 100%: 310 miles

Starting price with destination charges: $49,495

Federal EV tax incentive: Qualifies

Learn more about the 2022 Kia EV6

Hyundai IONIQ 5

Rear-Wheel Drive

The 2022 Hyundai IONIQ 5

10-80% (212 miles of range gained) in 18 minutes

Peak charging power accepted: 235 kilowatts

Range at 80%: 242 miles

Range at 100%: 303 miles

Starting price with destination charges: $45,200

Federal EV tax incentive: Qualifies

Learn more about the 2022 Hyundai IONIQ 5

Volkswagen ID.4

Pro Rear-Wheel Drive

2022 Volkswagen ID.4

10-80% (193 miles of range gained) in 29 minutes

Peak charging power accepted: 135 kilowatts

Range at 80%: 220 miles

Range at 100%: 275 miles

Starting price with destination charges: $42,430

Federal EV tax incentive: Qualifies

Learn more about the 2022 Volkswagen ID.4

Electric cars cost $11,000 more than ICE competitors on average. Worried about when you’ll break even with an electric vehicle purchase? We did the math for you. See EV break-even times with and without incentives.

Fastest Charging Electric Cars Under $70,000

Tesla Model 3

Long Range Dual Motor

2022 Tesla Model 3

10-80% (251 miles of range gained) in 22 minutes

Peak charging power accepted: 235 kilowatts

Range at 80%: 286 miles

Range at 100%: 358 miles

Starting price with destination charges: $59,190

Federal EV tax incentive: No longer qualifies

Learn more about the Tesla Model 3

Genesis GV60

Dual-Motor

2022 Genesis GV60

10-80% (174 miles of range gained) in 18 minutes

Peak charging power accepted: 235 kilowatts

Range at 80%: 198 miles

Range at 100%: 248 miles

Starting price with destination charges: $59,980

Federal EV tax incentive: Qualifies

Learn more about the 2022 Tesla Model Y

Tesla Model Y

Long Range Dual-Motor

Tesla Model Y

10-80% (231 miles of range gained) in 22 minutes

Peak charging power accepted: 235 kilowatts

Range at 80%: 264 miles

Range at 100%: 330 miles

Starting price with destination charges: $67,190

Federal EV tax incentive: No longer qualifies

Learn more about the 2022 Tesla Model Y

Ford Mustang Mach-E 

Extended Range Rear-Wheel Drive

2022 Ford Mustang Mach-E

10-80% (212 miles of range gained) in 45 minutes

Peak charging power accepted: 150 kilowatts

Range at 80%: 242 miles

Range at 100%: 303 miles

Starting price with destination charges: $49,975

Federal EV tax incentive: Qualifies

Learn more about the 2022 Ford Mustang Mach-E

Fastest Charging Electric Trucks

Rivian R1T

Explore

Rivian R1T fast charging

10-80% (220 miles of range gained) in 42 minutes

Peak charging power accepted: 220 kilowatts

Range at 80%: 251 miles

Range at 100%: 314 miles

Starting price: $79,500

Federal EV tax incentive: Qualifies

Learn more about the Rivian R1T

Chevrolet Silverado EV

Mid-Trims TBD

Silverado EV

100 miles of range in 10 minutes is all GM has told us so far

Peak charging power accepted: 350 kilowatts

Range at 80%: 320 miles

Range at 100%: up to 400 miles

Starting price: Estimated $50,000

Federal EV tax incentive: No longer qualifies

Learn more about the 2024 Chevrolet Silverado EV

Ford F-150 Lightning

XLT Extended Range

2022 Ford F-150 Lightning charging speed

15% to 80% (208 miles of range gained) in 41 minutes

Peak charging power accepted: 150 kilowatts

Range at 80%: 256 miles

Range at 100%: 320 miles

Starting price: $72,474

Federal EV tax incentive: Qualifies

Learn more about the 2022 Ford F-150 Lightning

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Electric Cars, Trucks and SUVs With the Best Range in 2022

Electric Cars, Trucks and SUVs With the Best Range in 2022

You don’t have to spend one hundred grand to purchase an electric vehicle with great range in 2022. EVs aren’t cheap, but with fuel savings taken into account, the electric lifestyle starts to sound a lot more appealing. There’s a saying in electric mobility: range is king. That’s especially true for frequent road-trippers and those who live in one of America’s remaining charging deserts. These are the electric vehicles with the most range in 2022. 

Note: We’ve decided to place an emphasis on affordable electric vehicles with the most range. Affordability is a moving target in 2022’s crazy auto market, but in the realm of EVs, we’ve defined ‘affordable’ as EVs under $65,000. If you’re in the market for luxury, we’ve got those covered too.

Electric Cars With the Best Range

Tesla Model 3 Long Range (Dual Motor)

2022 Tesla Model 3

Range: 358 miles

Price: $57,190 with destination

Max charging speed: 250 kW (20-80% in 20 minutes, adding 214 miles of range)

0-60 mph (fun factor):

Federal EV tax credit qualification: No, credits were exhausted. Learn about EV incentives here.

See our full review of the 2022 Tesla Model 3 Long Range here

Polestar 2 Front-Wheel Drive

Polestar 2 range

Range: 270 miles

Price: $49,800 with destination

Max charging speed: 250 kW (20-80% in 20 minutes, adding 214 miles of range)

0-60 mph (fun factor): 6.8 seconds

Federal EV tax credit qualification: Yes, learn more about EV incentives here.

See our full review of the Polestar 2 here

Tesla Model 3 Rear-Wheel Drive

Range: 272 miles

Price: $48,190 with destination

Max charging speed: 150 kW (20-80% in 20 minutes, adding 163 miles of range)

0-60 mph (fun factor): 5.8 seconds

Federal EV tax credit qualification: No, credits were exhausted. Learn about EV incentives here.

See our full review of the 2022 Tesla Model 3 here

Chevrolet Bolt

2022 Chevrolet Bolt range

Range: 259 miles

Price: $26,595 with destination (most affordable EV available today)

Max charging speed: 55 kW (adding 100 miles of range in 30 minutes, or 200 miles of range in 75 minutes)

0-60 mph (fun factor): 6.8 seconds

Federal EV tax credit qualification: No, credits were exhausted. Learn about EV incentives here.

See our full review of the Chevrolet Bolt here

Here’s our list of the cheapest electric cars available today

Electric Crossovers/SUVs With the Best Range

Tesla Model Y Long Range (Dual Motor)

2022 Tesla Model Y range

Range: 330 miles

Price: $64,190 with destination

Max charging speed: 250 kW (adding 100 miles of range in 30 minutes, or 200 miles of range in 75 minutes)

0-60 mph (fun factor): 4.8 seconds

Federal EV tax credit qualification: No, credits were exhausted. Learn about EV incentives here

See our full review of the Tesla Model Y here

Kia EV6 Rear-wheel drive

2022 Kia EV6 range

Range: 310 miles

Price: $42,155 with destination

Max charging speed: 235 kW (15-80% in 20 minutes, adding 217 miles of range in 18 minutes)

0-60 mph (fun factor): 7.3 seconds

Federal EV tax credit qualification: Yes, learn more about EV incentives here.

See our full review of the Kia EV6 here

Hyundai IONIQ 5 Rear-wheel drive

Hyundai IONIQ 5 range

Range: 303 miles

Price: $45,295 with destination

Max charging speed: 235 kW (15-80% in 20 minutes, adding 197 miles of range in 18 minutes)

0-60 mph (fun factor): 7.5 seconds

Federal EV tax credit qualification: Yes, learn more about EV incentives here.

See our full review of the Hyundai IONIQ 5 here.

Ford Mustang Mach-E California Route 1 RWD

mustang mach-e range
Shrimp in an EV? Yes, of course.

Range: 314 miles

Price: $53,550 with destination

Max charging speed: 150 kW (10-80% in 45 minutes, adding 220 miles of range)

0-60 mph (fun factor): 6.1 seconds

Federal EV tax credit qualification: Yes, learn more about EV incentives here.

See our full review of the Ford Mustang Mach-E here.

Cadillac Lyriq Rear-wheel drive

2023 Cadillac Lyriq

Range: 312 miles

Price: $64,185 with destination

Max charging speed: 190 kW (adding 195 miles of range in 30 minutes)

0-60 mph (fun factor): 6.4 seconds

Federal EV tax credit qualification: No, credits were exhausted. Learn about EV incentives here

See our full review of the Cadillac Lyriq here.

See the latest EV availability and wait times for EVERY model

Electric Trucks With the Best Range

There are now three electric pickup trucks on American roads, but buying one is easier said than done. Everyone wants one, and wait lists extend months and in some cases, years. We’ve decided to include electric trucks that are not yet available for purchase, so long as specs have been released and reservations or orders can be placed today.

Ford F-150 Lightning XLT Extended Range 

2022 Ford F-150 Lightning Lariat

Range: 320 miles

Price: $72,474

Max charging speed: 130 kW (15-80% in 40 minutes)

0-60 mph (fun factor): estimated 4.5 seconds

Federal EV tax credit qualification: Yes, learn more about EV incentives here.

See our full review of the F-150 Lightning here.

Chevrolet Silverado EV

2024 Silverado EV RST

Range: Estimated 400 miles

Price: $42,000 – $100,000+

Max charging speed: 350 kW (adding 100 miles of range in 10 minutes)

0-60 mph (fun factor): N/A

Federal EV tax credit qualification: No, credits were exhausted. Learn about EV incentives here

See our full review of the Silverado EV here.

Rivian R1T

Rivian R1T electric truck

Range: 314 miles

Price: $80,000 – $100,000+

Max charging speed: 220 kW (10-80% in 40 minutes)

0-60 mph (fun factor): 3.0 seconds

Federal EV tax credit qualification: Yes, learn more about EV incentives here.

Learn more about Rivian’s R1T and R1S full-size SUV.

Luxury Electric Vehicles With the Best Range

Lucid Air Grand Touring

Lucid Air

Range: 516 miles

Price: $139,000

Max charging speed: 300 kW (adding 300 miles of range in 20 minutes)

0-60 mph (fun factor): 2.6 seconds

Federal EV tax credit qualification: Yes, learn more about EV incentives here.

See our full review of the Lucid Air here.

Tesla Model S Dual Motor All-Wheel Drive

Model S range

Range: 405 miles

Price: $101,990

Max charging speed: 250 kW (adding 200 miles of range in 15 minutes)

0-60 mph (fun factor): 3.1 seconds

Federal EV tax credit qualification: No, credits were exhausted. Learn about EV incentives here

Mercedes EQS 450+

Mercedes EQS 450+ range

Range: 350 miles

Price: $139,000

Max charging speed: 200 kW (adding 200 miles of range in 20 minutes)

0-60 mph (fun factor): 5.5 seconds

Federal EV tax credit qualification: Yes, learn more about EV incentives here.

See our full review of the Mercedes EQS here.

What does the future hold? Not necessarily more range, surprisingly. Many auto analysts expect range for relatively affordable EVs to settle in around the 250-350 mile range. Why? Battery shortages loom on the horizon. Raw materials are in high demand, and there are only so many places on Earth to get lithium, cobalt and other materials.

Should you buy an EV now or wait? If you can find what you want for MSRP or very close to it, it just might be the right time to buy or lease. All signs point towards higher EV prices for 2023 and 2024 model years.

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Every Electric Truck in Development, Plus a Few Already Here

Every Electric Truck in Development, Plus a Few Already Here

Electric trucks are few and far between on highways, but they’re all the rage online. There are fewer than 3,000 electric trucks on the road today, but at least 1.5 million reservations are in the books for upcoming electric truck models. Will trucks ever catch up to crossovers in the electrification of the auto industry? With how many models are in the development pipeline, it will be interesting to find out. Let’s take a look at every electric truck on the way, and the few you might catch a glimpse of in 2022.

Rivian R1T

The Rivian R1T electric pickup truck is available to order today

Introduced: Late 2021

Range: 314 miles

Fuel economy: 71 MPGe

Cost to charge 0 – 100% at home: $19

Price: $78,975 – $121,690

“It’s bigger than a Ford Ranger, smaller than a F-150, and a whole lot more expensive.”

The 2022 Rivian R1T is the most common electric truck on the road today, but that doesn’t mean it will be easy to find one. About 2,000 have been sold as of spring 2022. As is often the case, supply shortages (and inflation) have put a damper on the much-anticipated rollout of Rivian’s first model. 

Nevertheless, it’s a very capable truck. The R1T can tow more than 11,000 pounds and the pickup offers a payload capacity of 1760 pounds. And it’s fast, with a 0-60 time of 3.3 seconds. It’s a rugged, outdoorsy-themed truck for those who use their pickup for more play than work. If you’re in the market for one, get in line. If you’re lucky (and have a deep wallet), you just might take delivery of one by the end of 2023. Rivian prices recently jumped by $10,000 – $20,000, so don’t expect a Rivian for the original price of $69,000.

GMC Hummer EV

GMC Hummer EV

Introduced: Late 2021

Range: 329 miles

Fuel economy: 47 MPGe

Cost to charge 0 – 100% at home: $30

Price: $80,000 – $110,000+

“American excess at its finest….. and least efficient.”

If you would like a 9,000-pound, crab-walking mammoth of a truck that can seemingly overcome physics to reach 60 miles per hour in three seconds, General Motors has you covered. The revived Hummer is a large luxury truck meant to turn heads more than it’s meant to haul stuff to the worksite. 

The Hummer EV’s #1 party trick is the crab-walk. That’s when the truck turns using all four weeks, allowing it to slide through traffic. The EPA-rated range of 329 miles is a bit misleading. It has a MASSIVE 212 kilowatt-hour battery. That’s triple the capacity of most electric crossovers! While technically it starts around $80,000, used ones are already selling for a quarter of a million dollars

Ford F-150 Lightning

2022 Ford F-150 Lightning Lariat

Introduced: Late 2022

Range: 230 – 300 miles

Fuel economy: 68 MPGe

Cost to charge 0 – 100% at home: $14 – $20

Price: $39,974 – $90,874

“This will be the first mass-produced electric truck on the market, but we’re bracing for the dealer markups.”

We recently detailed all we know about the upcoming electric F-150 in a special YAA preview. It turns out that truck fans are REALLY looking forward to the Lightning. The question remains, can Ford make enough of them?

Here’s What Stands Out With the F-150 Lightning:

  • It’s the most powerful F-150 ever
  • You can power tools, other EVs and even your entire home with the truck
  • The Lightning looks normal, but features state-of-the-art technology
  • The front trunk is bigger than most regular trunks
  • Up to 320 miles of range, but mediocre charging speeds

Ford has 200,000 reservations in the books for the F-150 Lightning, so new orders can expect a 2024 delivery. If you’re patient, this just might be worth the wait. 

Here’s everything we know about the Ford F-150 Lightning.

Chevrolet Silverado EV

Silverado EV electric truck
2024 Silverado EV RST

Introduced: Spring 2023

Range: Up to 400 miles (depending on battery size/trim)

Cost to charge 0 – 100% at home: $28

Price: $39,900 – $80,000+

“It’s the direct competitor to the F-150 Lightning, but it will charge a LOT faster.”

When Ford made such a big deal with the unveiling of the F-150 Lightning, we all knew General Motors would be cooking up something special. The Chevrolet Silverado EV was unveiled at last, and the specs and looks have exceeded expectations. Chevy claims it has faster charging, more power, and more range than the Ford. 

It’s a flexible truck too, and one that’s definitely going to see some worksite use. The storage capacity of the 5-foot-11-inch bed can be extended to 9 feet with the ’available’ Multi-Flex Midgate. 

GM says that the new Silverado is basically a rolling generator, if you buy the required accessories. “When combined with the available accessory power bar, the Silverado EV’s PowerBase charging system offers up to 10 outlets, to provide a total of 10.2kW of all-electric power for countless worksite or recreational needs, including powering your home, with the required equipment.” It can even charge other electric vehicles!

Learn more about the Chevrolet Silverado EV in our in-depth analysis. 

Tesla Cybertruck

Tesla Cybertruck

Introduced: 2023

Range: Up to 400 miles

Price: Unavailable

“Did someone make a truck in Minecraft?!”

Ever since Tesla pulled the curtains back in November 2019, the world has divided into two camps: those who adore the Cybertruck’s angular, Mars-ready looks, and those who abhor it. No matter what your opinion is, it’s still just an idea for now. Tesla has repeatedly pushed back its arrival, and now says that 2023 will be the start of production. 

The Cybertruck will have 3,500 pounds of payload capacity, and can tow 14,000 pounds. Those specs are on another level for sure. It’s also a performance-oriented truck, with a 0-60 time of 2.9 seconds. Pricing had previously been announced to start at $40,000 for rear-wheel drive base variants, but that was later removed from the Tesla website. We expect pricing to range from $55,000 to over $80,000, but it’s pure speculation at this point. 

Toyota’s Electric Truck

Toyota electric truck

In late 2021, Toyota teased the above image of an electric truck. It closely resembles an electric Tacoma, which would be a dream come true for many Toyota fans. They haven’t said a word since, but we’ll update you with the latest once we know more. 

Ram 1500 Electric Truck

Ram 1500 electric truck

Stellantis has taken its sweet time getting into EVs. In 2024, the Ram 1500 electric truck will make a debut with a range of up to 500 miles and futuristic design cues. It will be capable of fast-charging, a quick 0-60 time, andthe latest tech from Stellantis.

The electric Ram 1500 will be built on the new STLA platform that is currently in development. More to come. 

GMC Sierra Electric Truck

GMC Sierra electric truck

They say it’s coming, but we don’t know much yet. The electric Sierra will share the same powertrain engineering as the Silverado EV.

“Like the GMC Hummer EV, the electric Sierra will be purposefully built on the Ultium Platform with the premium materials and capability customers have come to expect from GMC trucks,” says GMC. 

Canoo

Canoo electric truck

The Canoo ‘Pickup Truck’ has more in common with the Tesla Cybertruck that one might suspect. It’s weird-looking, has space-age ambitions, and has been repeatedly delayed. Canoo has undergone multiple leadership shakeups, and that has delayed the launch of Canoo’s first products by a few years (and counting). 

The Canoo truck has a targeted payload capacity of 1,800 pounds, a 6’ 8” bed when extended, and about 500 horsepower. At least 200 miles of range are to be expected on a charge. Hopefully it turns out to be at least 250 miles considering the competition. 

As odd and mysterious as the Canoo Pickup Truck is for now, the EV startup already scored a significant contract, at least symbolically. NASA selected Canoo to transport astronauts to the upcoming Artemis spaceships for missions to the moon in 2025.

With a bit of luck, the Canoo truck just might be available to reservation holders in 2023. Learn more about Canoo here. 

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The Need For (Charging) Speed: Is This the Charging Solution We’ve All Been Waiting For?

The Need For (Charging) Speed: Is This the Charging Solution We’ve All Been Waiting For?

My very own Hyundai IONIQ 5 has a special trick up its sleeve. In fact, even Tesla can’t claim it. In 2022, very few electric cars are engineered with 800-volt architecture. While still an outlier, all signs point towards an auto industry heading in the direction of faster charging, better efficiency, and smaller battery sizes – all of which are unlocked by promising 800-volt electrical systems in EVs. 

800-Volt Electric Powertrains Bring Faster Charging and Engineering Benefits

The mass adoption of electric vehicles largely depends on the ability to find real solutions for a few ownership challenges for today’s EV drivers:

  • Charging is too slow
  • Range is not enough
  • Batteries are too expensive to replace

Most electric vehicles in 2022 are built on 400-volt systems, but these systems have limits. Indeed, some automakers are quite happy with their 400-volt EV platforms. Tesla manages to find other ways of mastering efficiency and power delivery, and has not mentioned plans for a voltage upgrade. One BMW senior engineer called settling with a 400-volt platform the “best compromise”, but not everyone agrees.

800-volt systems can deliver double the power through the same current, or if desired, the same power through half the current. The result is roughly 50% faster charging for the same battery size. As a result, batteries can be made smaller and overall weight is reduced, increasing efficiency and ideally lowering the cost of the vehicle. 

Would a car need a massive battery with a 500-mile range if it can charge a smaller battery that’s good for 250 miles in just 15 minutes? What is that smaller battery was A LOT cheaper?

Which Electric Vehicles Use 800-Volt Architecture?

lucid air fast charging

In 2022, just a few electric vehicles use 800-volt systems for power delivery and charging.

Of particular interest is the different paths taken by Ford and GM for their upcoming electric trucks. The F-150 Lightning is built on 400-volt architecture, while the Chevrolet Silverado EV is jumping to 800-volt architecture, and the result is much faster charging speeds for the Chevy. Will this matter to consumers, or will brand loyalty win out? 

Why doesn’t Tesla use 800-volt charging? We’re not sure, but clearly they’ve found success with their existing 400-volt architecture. 

Solid-State Batteries Approach Production

solid state battery evs

Fortunately, a whole host of solutions are uniting to offer a better way forward for EVs. And it’s not all about charging speeds. Solid-state batteries are finally approaching real-world usability following decades of research and development. For the better part of the last decade, $100 per kilowatt-hour was the affordability target for battery development. That goal was reached, but the latest raw material shortages are sending prices back up, and electric car prices have gone up accordingly. The U.S. Department of Energy thinks that $60 per kilowatt-hour is within reach, however it’s increasingly looking like solid-state batteries may offer the only path to such low-cost batteries.

Toyota says it will be the first to bring a solid-state battery into a production vehicle. In typical Toyota fashion, their solid-state battery will debut in a hybrid powertrain rather than a full battery-electric vehicle. It looks like the world will see what solid-state battery chemistry is capable of in 2025.

Innovation Continues at Lightning Speed

Faster charging, better range, and (hopefully) lower prices are promised time and time again with every new EV model announcement. 800-volt architecture and solid-state batteries are the headlining developments that automakers are working on behind the scenes. We didn’t even touch on new battery chemistries, manufacturing methods, and electric motor breakthroughs in the works. We’ll have to save that for another day, as there’s always something new to talk about in the EV space.

But the promise of faster charging and energy-dense batteries begs the question: would you take faster charging over more range? It’s looking like that will be the EV debate of the decade. What are your thoughts? Let us know in a comment or over at the YAA Community Forum. What matters most when you head out on a journey?

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What Is Bidirectional Charging? Your Questions Answered

What Is Bidirectional Charging? Your Questions Answered

Silverado EV

Imagine using your vehicle as a backup generator for your home, or even to help a stranded motorist reach their destination. Electric vehicles claim just 5% of new vehicle market share in America, however record gas prices are spurring renewed interest in the EV lifestyle. One of the most sought-after features of electric vehicles is bidirectional charging. Also known as vehicle-to-load, or V2L, tomorrow’s cars literally have the power to do so much more than drive us around. Here’s everything you need to know about bidirectional charging in electric vehicles.

V2G, V2L & V2H: The Types of Bidirectional Charging Capability

2022 Ford F-150 Lightning bidirectional charging
2022 Ford F-150 Lightning

During typical use, electric cars draw electricity from the grid, and then consume that energy to power their electric motors. What if you could reverse the flow of electricity back into the grid? Better yet, imagine making money doing it. The future of mobility is about to get weird. Cars are already becoming rolling computers, so it only makes sense that they are capable of revolutionizing the world beyond the driver’s seat.

What is bidirectional charging?

Simply put, bidirectional charging is the ability for electrical current to flow in both directions: from the grid to the vehicle (to charge the battery pack), and also from the car to the grid, another car, or household appliances. 

How does bidirectional charging work?

When an electric vehicle is charged, alternating current (AC) from the grid is converted to direct current (DC) using the car’s built-in converter. To send electricity out of the battery pack and back into the grid or into another electronic device, electricity must first convert back to AC. This is done using an inverter. Vehicles that are manufactured with an inverter are already equipped with the hardware needed for bidirectional charging.

Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G)

Vehicle to grid (V2G) capability enables an electric car to return electricity to the grid. V2G can help supply energy at times of peak grid demand. In most of the world, electricity demand peaks during the afternoon and early evening. Peak demand causes demand charges, which are higher rates for usage. 

Vehicle to grid capability offers a way around demand charges, to the benefit of consumers and grid operators alike. The vehicle’s owner avoids demand charges or even sells electricity to the grid, and the grid gains a new source of electricity when it’s needed the most.

Although V2G is still in its infancy, the technology opens up the possibility of future revenue streams for everyday EV drivers and even automakers. Imagine if your car could make you money while it’s parked in the garage. Rental and ride-hailing fleets could double the revenue from their autonomous vehicles by serving as power suppliers to the grid. It’s a game changing option that is coming to cars in the near future.

Vehicle-to-Load (V2L)

V2L allows an electric vehicle’s battery pack to power appliances such as power tools, a coffee machine, cooking equipment, laptops, or even a party. More importantly, vehicle-to-load capability serves as the ideal emergency power source during times of need, such as following a natural disaster or power outage. Some cars, such as the 2022 Hyundai IONIQ 5, can output 3.6 kilowatts via V2L functionality. That is a LOT of power, surely enough to power an entire campsite or family-sized outdoor event.

Vehicle-to-Home (V2H)

Naturally, one of the first uses of bidirectional charging that comes to mind is powering one’s home during a power outage. Indeed, vehicle-to-home (V2H) power supply is under development, and it’s even featured in a few of today’s production EVs. It’s important to note that accessories and professional installation of associated hardware are required before any EV can power an entire home. Still, it looks like V2H capability is a real option for EV shoppers to consider in 2022. More on today’s V2H EVs below. 

Does Bidirectional Charging Harm the Battery?

2022 Ford F-150 Lightning

The short answer is that it depends on the battery chemistry. One of the latest battery chemistry types to be employed in EVs is lithium-iron-phosphate batteries, or LFP. LFP batteries quickly rose to prominence due to their remarkable ability to withstand the stresses of repeated charging cycles without severe battery degradation. 

Other battery chemistries lose range over time as the battery is charged and discharged (referred to as a charging cycle). Even charging to 100% too often can reduce the life of some battery types. LFP batteries are the perfect companion for bidirectional charging, especially vehicle-to-grid. They handle frequent charging and discharging like a champ.

Other battery types in development are engineered with bidirectional charging capability in mind. Ford’s partnership with SK Innovation resulted in a more environmentally-friendly battery chemistry suitable for the frequent charge cycles of bidirectional charging.   

Which Models Have Bidirectional Charging and V2L?

Max Power OutputDate AvailableV2L Capable?V2H Capable?V2G Capable in 2022?
Chevrolet Silverado EV10.2 kW2023YesYesNo
Ford F-150 Lightning9.6 kWMid 2022YesYesNo
Hyundai IONIQ 53.6 kWNowYesNoNo
Genesis GV603.6 kWSpring 2022YesNoNo
Genesis G803.6 kW2022YesNoNo
Kia EV61.9 kWNowYesNoNo
Toyota bZ4XTBDMid 2022YesNoNo

Does Tesla Have Bidirectional Charging?

Tesla Model S

For the time being, no Tesla models are capable of bidirectional charging. It’s possible (even likely) that all 2022 Tesla models have the necessary hardware for V2G or V2L, or V2H. However, Tesla has alternative motives for delaying bidirectional charging rollout for as long as possible. If Tesla vehicles became V2H-capable, they would render the $10,500 Tesla Powerwall home battery obsolete!

A few curious Tesla owners have inquired about modifying their cars to become capable of bidirectional charging. The response from Tesla was a warning that doing so would void the vehicle’s battery warranty. So for now, don’t expect Tesla EVs to power your home or appliances.

Ford Intelligent Backup Power: F-150 Lightning

F-150 Lightning

Ford’s F-150 Lightning is widely marketed as the answer to power grid anxieties. Ford Intelligent Backup Power is an available accessory to the popular F-150 Lightning electric truck. With 200,000 reservations in the books, the Lightning is already sold out through 2023. 

The F-150 Lightning contains unique battery chemistry that strengthens charging cycle durability while also requiring fewer rare earth metals. Ford’s partner, SK Innovation, has developed a new battery cathode that uses 90% nickel, and 5% each of manganese and cobalt. The new battery chemistry also reduces the harmful environmental and ethical impacts of cobalt mining.

Ford’s engineers designed the new electric F-150 with V2H in mind. In the electric truck segment that’s rapidly gaining steam, automakers are looking for bold ways to make their truck a compelling buy.

“F-150 Lightning with available Ford Intelligent Backup Power can provide power and security during an electrical outage – the first electric truck in the U.S. to offer this capability; in the future, new features will offer additional ways to manage energy use and potentially save on energy costs.”

Ford touts high power output and energy storage capabilities

2022 Ford F-150 Lightning Platinum
2022 Ford F-150 Lightning Platinum

“The F-150 Lightning extended-range battery system can store 131 kilowatt-hours of energy and deliver up to 9.6 kilowatts of power in a cleaner, quieter, more efficient way versus gasoline-powered generators, and with greater capacity than many wall battery units. F-150 Lightning can also offer lower-cost energy storage in a product customers already own – their truck.”

How long should an electric truck be able to power an entire home? 12 hours? Three days? Ford says that depending on power demand, some homes could be powered for seven days with the F-150 Lightning’s extended range battery.

“With Ford Intelligent Backup Power and the Home Integration System, F-150 Lightning automatically kicks in to power your home if the grid goes down. Once power is restored, the system automatically reverts back to utility power. Based on an average U.S. home at 30 kilowatt-hours of use per day, F-150 Lightning with extended-range battery provides full home power for up to three days, or as long as 10 days when used in conjunction with solar power or rationing.”

Learn more about Ford Intelligent Backup Power in Ford’s official announcement

YAA’s Take

Kia EV6 bidirectional charging
2022 Kia EV6

Bidirectional charging is yet another way that the electrification of the auto industry is transforming vehicle ownership. In five years (or less), trucks will be judged for how many days they can power your home, and crossovers will be expected to power household appliances with ease.

The fact that vehicle-to-home capability relies on the professional installation of accessories sold separately seems to fly under the radar for many. While vehicle-to-load may become a standard feature that we all take for granted in a decade’s time, retrofitting a home for V2H power will remain a lofty expense for the foreseeable future.

Dozens of EVs are rolling off of supply shortage-stricken production lines in 2022. A select few are bidirectional-capable, however innovative automakers like Ford, GM and Hyundai are setting the bar high for the next generation of electric vehicles. 

You can find information on every electric vehicle on sale in 2022, and how long you’ll wait for delivery, here.

What do you think about bidirectional charging? Do you plan to power your home with your car in the future? Let us know what you think about automaker’s bold plans for EVs in the comments below, or share your thoughts with the YAA Community at joinyaa.com.

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